How to Install Rocket.Chat on Debian 9

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How to install on Debian 9
Spread the love is an open source application that can be used as a team communication solution and can be deployed on your own server. There are many options for this application, such as chatting with team members and friends, using audio and video chat, interacting with website visitors in real time, sharing files and more. In this tutorial, we will install and deploy Rocket.Chat on Debian 9 server. Let’s get started!

1. Update the system

Once you are logged in to your server, you need to update and upgrade RPM packages. You can upgrade and upgrade your server with the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade -y

2. Install Dependencies

Before starting the Rocket.Chat installation, you need to install the following required dependencies so that the application can work:

Node.js – an open source cross-platform JavaScript run-time environment.
MongoDB – is an open-source leading NoSQL database program written in C++.
cURL- know as “Client URL” is the command-line tool for transferring data.
GraphicsMagick – is a collection of tools and image processing libraries. GraphicsMagick is an ImageMagick fork.

First, we are going to install cURL , MongoDB and GraphicsMagick with this command:

sudo apt install -y curl mongodb graphicsmagick

Run the next command to install the Node.js:

sudo curl -sL | sudo bash -

sudo apt install -y nodejs

also you need to install the npm package

sudo npm install -g n

Use n to download and install Node.js version 8.9.3 which is required by Rocket.Chat

sudo n 8.9.3

You can check the Node.js current version with the following command:

node --version

In order for some npm packages which require building from source, you will need to install the build-essentials and python-dev packages:

sudo apt install build-essential python-dev

Now when you set all the necessary dependencies we can continue with installing the Rocket.Chat.

3. Installing Rocket.Chat

We will use the curl command to download the Rocket.Chat latest version and we will extract into the /opt directory:

cd /opt
curl -L -o
tar zxvf
mv bundle Rocket.Chat
cd Rocket.Chat/programs/server
npm install
cd ../..

There are two ways to populate and start the Rocket.Chat. First one is manually to set the necessary environment variables and start the Rocket.Chat:

export ROOT_URL=http://your_domain-or-IP_addres:3000/
export MONGO_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/rocketchat
export PORT=3000

Replace ‘your_domain-or-IP_addres’ with your actual domain name or server’s IP address.

Run the Rocket.Chat server

node main.js

The second one is to create the Rocket.Chat systemd service unit:

nano /etc/systemd/system/rocketchat.service
Description=RocketChat Server # Remove or Replace nginx with your proxy

ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node /opt/Rocket.Chat/main.js # The location of node and location of main.js
Restart=always # When is set to always, the service will be restarted in any case (hit a timeout, got terminated)
RestartSec=15 # If node service crashes, restart the service after 15 seconds
StandardOutput=syslog # Output to syslog
StandardError=syslog # Output to syslog
#User=<alternate user>
#Group=<alternate group>
Environment=NODE_ENV=production PORT=3000 ROOT_URL= MONGO_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/rocketchat


You can change ROOT_URL and replace the domain you want to use. If you do not have an available domain, you can instead enter your IP address on your server. You can also change the port number that is currently set to 3000 to a port number of your choice.

In order to notify the systemd that you just created a new unit file you need to execute the following command:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Start the MongoDB and Rocket.Chat services:

sudo systemctl start mongodb
sudo systemctl start rocketchat

You can check the status of the service by running the command:

sudo systemctl status rocketchat

● rocketchat.service - RocketChat Server
Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/rocketchat.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since Sat 2018-08-25 08:35:50 CDT; 4s ago
Main PID: 894 (node)
CGroup: /system.slice/rocketchat.service
└─894 /usr/local/bin/node /opt/Rocket.Chat/main.js

If the rocketchat.service is enabled and there are no errors, you can enable it also the automatically to start at boot time:

sudo systemctl enable rocketchat

4. Access Rocket.Chat in the web browser

Now, open http://your_domain-or-IP_addres:3000 in your favorite web browser and you should see the RocketChat login/register screen. The first user created will get administrative privileges by default.

That’s it. You have successfully installed Rocket.Chat on your Debian 9 VPS. For more information about how to manage your Rocket.Chat installation, please refer to the official Rocket.Chat documentation.

installing on debian 9Of course, you don’t have to do any of this if you use one of our Debian Cloud VPS plans, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to set Rocket.Chat web communication and collaboration software for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.

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