How to Install Zikula on Ubuntu 18.04

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Zikula is Free Open Source Software (FOSS) which allows users to build anything from simple one-page websites to complex and powerful web applications. Zikula is pretty easy to install and use.

In this tutorial we will show you how to install Zikula and all necessary dependencies on an Ubuntu 18.04 Cloud VPS.

Prerequisites

  • a Cloud VPS with Ubuntu 18.04 and a user with root privileges (or the root user itself)
  • PHP version 5.5.9 or higher with mod_php enabled. It is recommended to use the latest PHP release
  • The following PHP extensions have to be installed: Ctype, JSON, iconv, PCRE, Session, SimpleXML, Tokenizer
  • Apache web server version 2.0 or higher, with mod_rewrite module enabled and the AllowOverride directive set to ‘All’
  • MySQL or MariaDB database server version 5 or higher

Login and Update the System

As usual, login to your Ubuntu 18.04 server via SSH as the root user, or as your admin account:

ssh [email protected]_address -p Port_number

replace ‘IP_address‘ and ‘Port_number‘ with the actual IP address and SSH port number of your server.

Once you are logged in, run the following commands to update all installed packages on your server

apt update && apt upgrade

For security reasons it is recommended to always keep your services and scripts up to date. You can also restart your server to ensure that all configurations used are the latest ones.

Install Apache Web Server

As listed in the prerequisites section of this tutorial, Zikula requires a web server. We will install and use the Apache web server which serves more than 40% of all websites in the world. It can be easily installed using the default Ubuntu package manager:

apt -y install apache2

Once it is installed, you can start the web server and enable it to automatically start after a server reboot

systemctl start apache2
systemctl enable apache2

Enable the rewrite module in Apache

a2enmod rewrite

Output:

Enabling module rewrite.
To activate the new configuration, you need to run:
  systemctl restart apache2

As suggested, restart the web server to activate the module:

systemctl restart apache2

You can easily test if the web server is properly installed by visiting http://IP_Address with your favorite web browser. You should get the default Apache web page. That’s all we need to do with Apache for now.

Install PHP

Zikula is a PHP-based application, so we have to to install PHP and several PHP extensions required by the application:

apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-gd php-mbstring php-mysql php-curl php-xmlrpc php-xml

Install Database Server

Zikula needs an empty SQL database, so for this purpose we will install the MariaDB server, which is an open-source version of MySQL.

apt -y install mariadb-server

Start the MariaDB database server and enable it to be able to start itself after a reboot:

systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb

You can execute the mysql_secure_installation script provided by MariaDB to set a password for the root user and additionally strengthen the security of the database server. You can use the following details:

Set root password? [Y/n] Y
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

Once everything is set up, you can go ahead and create a new database that can be used by Zikula. Additionally, create a user with full privileges over that database.

mysql -u root -p

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE zikula;
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON zikula.* TO 'zikula_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '<strong>PASSWORD</strong>';
MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> exit;

Don’t forget to replace ‘PASSWORD‘ with an actual strong password.

Download and Install Zikula

Now that everything is in place, go to Zikula’s official website and download the latest stable release of the application, which currently is version 2.0.12.

wget https://github.com/zikula/core/releases/download/2.0.12/2.0.zip

unpack the downloaded ZIP archive to the document root directory of your server, which usually is /var/www/html.

unzip 2.0.zip -d /var/www/html/

All Zikula files will be stored in a new ‘2.0’ directory. We will rename the directory to zikula:

mv 2.0 zikula

All files and directories have to be readable by the web server user, www-data:

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/zikula

Create Apache Virtual host

In order to be able to access Zikula with your domain name instead of the IP address, you have to create an Apache virtual host directive for the domain. We will use domain.tld as our domain name. Don’t forget to replace it with your actual domain.

Create virtual host directive with the following content

nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/zikula.conf


 ServerName <strong>domain.tld</strong>
 ServerAlias www.<strong>domain.tld</strong>
 ServerAdmin [email protected]<strong>domain.tld</strong>
 DocumentRoot /var/www/html/zikula/
 

 	Options FollowSymLinks
 	AllowOverride All
 	Order allow,deny
 	allow from all
 

 ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/<strong>domain.tld</strong>-error_log
 CustomLog /var/log/apache2/<strong>domain.tld</strong>-access_log common

Save the changes and enable the Apache virtual host using the following command

a2ensite zikula.conf

output:

Enabling site zikula.
To activate the new configuration, you need to run:
  systemctl reload apache2

Reload the web server for the changes to take effect

systemctl reload apache2

Complete the Installation

Finally, open your favorite web browser and navigate it to http://domain.tld to complete Zikula’s installation. You will get the following screen:

Proceed with the installation and enter the information of the MariaDB database that we created earlier in this tutorial. After that, create your Zikula Administrative account. Before completing the installation, you will also be able to install some Zikula modules and helpers, as shown below:

That’s everything! You now have Zikula on your Ubuntu 18.04 Cloud VPS. For more details on how to configure and use Zikula, you can check their official documentation.


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Of course you don’t have to Install Zikula on Ubuntu 18.04 if you use one of our Cloud VPS Hosting services – you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to install Zikula on Ubuntu 18.04 for you. They are available 24×7 and will take care of your request immediately.

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